C. trachomatis is associated with infections of the mucous membranes of the urogenital system, the upper respiratory tract and the eye. It may be sexually transmitted; Resulting diseases include urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, epididymitis, proctitis and lymphogranuloma venereum. C.pneumoniae is associated with both upper and lower respiratory infections. Infections of the upper respiratory tract and eye usually occur in new borns exposed at parturition. In adults, eye infection may be transmitted by hand after contact with secretions. Isolation by tissue culture is recommended when testing individuals for legal purposes.
Place swab or nasal aspirate into VCM (equal volumes of fluid and
VCM) or equivalent and transport the specimen to the laboratory as
soon as possible. Best recovery is obtained when the specimens are
refrigerated at 2-8 deg C prior to shipment. Specimens in VCM or
equivalent should be frozen at -70 deg C or colder and transported on
dry ice. Storage or transport at -20 deg C is not acceptable.
Reported (Analytical Time)
The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only.
CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party.
Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.
Methodology: Centrifugation-Enhanced Culture with Monoclonal Antibody Detection Reject Criteria: Specimens submitted in Viral Transport Media that do not support Chlamydia, Wooden shaft and calcium alginate swabs, Bacterial transport systems, Molecular transport systems
Specimen Stability: V-C-M medium or equivalent Room temperature: Unacceptable Refrigerated: 48 hours Frozen -20 deg C: Unacceptable Frozen -70 deg C: 30 days Other Acceptable Specimens: Vaginal swab on children <13